As an office, we are always exploring the history of architecture and construction, seeking out opportunities to learn from historical, regional building types. Under the direction of an inspired and forward-thinking client we have been given the responsibility to restore and preserve an important piece of Austin’s architectural heritage. In our own approach to design we look for ways to apply historically relevant, time-tested techniques and forms in fresh and innovative ways.
Design Team: Murray Legge, Travis Avery, Nicolas Allinder, Nevin Blum
Interior Designers: Amity Worrel & Co.
Builder: Pilgrim Building Company
Consultants: Leap! Structures
Dotting the Austin urban fabric are tiny dwellings that represent a bygone housing typology for the middle class of the early 20th century. Built in 1936 by Calcasieu Lumber Company, these one bedroom cottages housed salesmen, teachers, students, police officers, secretaries, meat cutters. While cottage courts were common all across town at the time of their construction, very few survive intact. Restoration of each cottage includes repairs and restoration of exterior siding, windows, and doors, along with upgrades to foundation, insulation, and roof. The original motor court configuration will be preserved.
The historic nature of these cottages required detailed documentation of each building to assess their existing condition. The vaulted roofs have a lean and economical structure formed within the 6" thickness the roof assembly by a layering of 2x4 wood members, 1x wood furring strips and the metal roof panels. There are no truss members or diagonal braces that would, typically, be found in a stick frame structure. The entire roof structure fits within the 6" thickness of the roof assembly creating a clear open vaulted space.
Digital model of original framing layout.
The following is an excerpt from research produced by the Historic Landmark Commission:
These cottages were built by the Calcasieu Lumber Company of Austin as small dwellings in the 1920s and 1930s. The company had standardized plans, and provided all the materials, even the crews for the construction of these houses on an owner’s site. A few were built as single dwellings, but the majority were built in groups, many in the form of a bungalow court, a popular residential pattern for small, free-standing dwellings throughout the country, but especially in Southern California, where they have been celebrated for their scale and configuration. Bungalow courts corresponded to motel courts of the 1920s and 1930s, but the houses were larger than the typical motel unit, and each one was either singly owned or the entire court was owned by a landlord and the houses rented out. The configuration was not unique to motel and bungalow courts, however; some upper class residential developments of the era also followed the court configuration, which prized the houses facing each other with a common area for the front yards, and each building connected by a similarity of scale and style. Austin used to have a number of bungalow courts close to downtown and on the near east side.
The cottages have suffered from multiple interior remodels over the last 80 years. This cottage will be remodeled to open the interior and simplify the floor plan. Most of the services will be contained within a compact central core that will resemble a cabinet.
The existing ceilings, formally a low 8’-0”, will be removed to open the cottage interior and reveal the tall, steeply pitched shape of the roof vault. A service core contains a bathroom and closets.
The restoration will consist of reconstruction of the original windows, exterior siding, and upgrades to insulation and foundation. New exterior stairs and landscaping will respect the architectural identity with a light touch.
More from the Austin Historic Landmark Commission:
The Calcasieu cottages are unique to Austin, and have a signature Romantic Tudor Revival style, with steeply pitched hipped roofs – many residents have long referred to them as “fairy tale cottages” because of their soaring rooflines. Most Calcasieu cottages were wood (Calcasieu was a lumber company), but some cottages have been stuccoed (for a more defining Tudor Revival feel) or covered with synthetic siding over the years. They have been used in motel courts (such as the Classic Inn on South Congress Avenue), and more commonly, as small rental properties, generally for students in the areas surrounding the University of Texas. Calcasieu manufactured these cottages through the 1930s, but stopped with this romantic Tudor Revival style prior to World War II.
The Calcasieu Lumber Company was an Austin institution, and their cottages represent a uniquely Austin manifestation of an architectural style that is found nowhere else in the country. Maintaining them in Austin is extremely important.